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Top 10 Latest Facts On Nipah Virus

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Top 10 Latest Facts On Nipah Virus  Nipah is a rare virus spread by fruit bats, which can cause flu-like symptoms and brain damage New Delhi: With 11 people killed by the brain-damaging NIPAH (NiV) virus in Kerala, here’s an explainer of the outbreak, causes, symptoms and treatment

1) The virus infects both animals and humans (a phenomenon known as zoonosis). It has joined the list of recent zoonotic outbreaks such as swine flu and bird flu. Interestingly, almost 60% of all infections in humans come from animals. It is no surprise that people working in close proximity with animals are particularly susceptible.

2) This virus has earned its scary reputation. It can kill between 40 to 100% of those affected. The incubation period (time from when the infection happens to symptoms appearing) ranges from 4 to 14 days. The early symptoms are pretty non-specific and can be confused with those with common colds/general viral infections.

3) The virus affects both the respiratory and neurological systems. In recent outbreaks in the Indian subcontinent, the lungs are often affected (75% of the cases). Patients may go through increasing breathlessness and may progress to severe oxygen hunger rapidly. It can also progress to encephalitis – which is an inflammation of the brain – and patients can slip into a coma. Encephalitis has a high rate of death and survivors can have long – term neurological issues such as a seizure disorder or personality changes.

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4) There is no definitive treatment apart from supportive care. Supportive care means that the patients may need to be closely monitored and may be admitted to hospital. Patients may need respiratory support and may need to be put on the ventilator. There is as yet no vaccine for the Nipah virus.

5) For patients living away from the area of the outbreak – if you have symptoms which are flu-like, such as headaches and fever – you are far more likely to have common flu rather than Nipah. For those living in or around the area suspected, vigilance and seeking early advice would be sensible.

6) In the Top 10 Latest Facts On Nipah Virus ,The portals of the WHO and Center for disease control are excellent resources (as they has been for this article!), though the information tends to be written for professionals. Also, remember outbreaks tend to be pretty cloistered in small areas and can be brought under control with sensible quarantine and treatment protocols.

7) It would come as a surprise to many that is not the first outbreak in India. There were two outbreaks in West Bengal in 2001 and 2007 with 50 people killed. Similar outbreaks have taken place in Bangladesh. The mode of transmission includes person-to-person and contact with sick animals. However, the outbreaks in this part of the world were likely to be related to drinking infected raw date palm sap. In theTop 10 Latest Facts On Nipah Virus,  That said, human-to-human spread is well-known, and of the cases reported from an outbreak in Siliguri, 75% occurred among hospital staff or visitors.

Outbreaks such as NIPAH are likely to become more common. Population density will make human-animal interactions more likely, increasing the chances of virus cross-infection. There is an increasingly recognized phenomenon of virus ‘jumping’ species. This means that bugs that primarily affected animal or bird species mutate with time and human beings become their new hosts. Swine and avail flu are examples of this phenomenon.

9) Telling people not to panic often tends to ensure that they do. It is, therefore, imperative that facts and advice must be available from trusted sources in clear and simple speak. A robust single portal source of information set up specifically for the particular outbreak should become the norm.

10) Kerala has declared that the outbreak has been contained. We owe this relief to the hundreds of medical professionals who risk their own lives when it comes to saving others.

(Dr Amit Gupta is a Neonatal Consultant, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford)

Conclusion:- Top 10 Latest Facts On Nipah Virus the facts which are mentioned above, has to be kept in mind where by ,they are essential to remember to protect patient suffering from Nipah virus and help others to get protected.

Article by Aashish Choudhary

 


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